Information for Teachers
This investigation is linked to the following Grade 3 Next Generation Science Standards.
LS1.B: Growth and Development of Organisms
Reproduction is essential to the continued existence of every kind of organism. Plants and animals have unique and diverse life cycles. (3-LS1-1)
LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits
Many characteristics of organisms are inherited from their parents. (3-LS3-1)
Other characteristics result from individuals’ interactions with the environment, which can range from diet to learning. Many characteristics involve both inheritance and environment. (3-LS3-2)
LS3.B: Variation of Traits
Different organisms vary in how they look and function because they have different inherited information. (3-LS3-1)
The environment also affects the traits that an organism develops. (3-LS3-2)
LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience
When the environment changes in ways that affect a place’s physical characteristics, temperature, or availability of resources, some organisms survive and reproduce, others move to new locations, yet others move into the transformed environment, and some die. (secondary to 3-LS4-4)
LS4.A: Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity
Some kinds of plants and animals that once lived on Earth are no longer found anywhere. (3-LS4-1)
Fossils provide evidence about the types of organisms that lived long ago and also about the nature of their environments. (3-LS4-1)
LS4.B: Natural Selection
Sometimes the differences in characteristics between individuals of the same species provide advantages in surviving, finding mates, and reproducing. (3-LS4-2)
For any particular environment, some kinds of organisms survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all. (3-LS4-3)
How to search the internet
1 Keep your request short
Fewer words will give a more accurate search.
2 Choose exactly what you want
For example: Arctic Circle Climate
3 Use quotes
Double quotes around a set of words tell the search engine to consider those exact words in that exact order without any change. For example: “Arctic Circle Climate”
4 Use the plus sign (+)
If you add a plus sign (+) between words, the internet will search for all the words. For example: migrate+birds+whales+mammal
5 Use the minus sign (–) to say what you don’t want
Use a minus sign (–) to show words you do not want to appear in your results. For example: if you search for burrowing animals and do not want mammals in your search, –mammals will exclude mammals. Note that you need to put a space before the minus sign for the word to be excluded.
6 Be very clear about what you don’t want
Ask questions and define problems
After reading The Animal Kingdom, you may have questions about groups of animals and plants that have always interested you. They might be old favorites or animals that you want to know more about.
List your questions
- Compare your list with questions that others have.
- Choose a question you would like to investigate.
- You can work alone, with a partner, or in a small group.
You may want to choose one or more of these questions to investigate
Q1. Why have scientists put your chosen animals in a group that belong together?
Q2. What do vertebrates and invertebrates have in common? What are the main differences?
Q3. What are the main differences between some of the living things in the five kingdoms?Go to Part 2 Investigate →
You may want to use websites to help you’re your investigations.
You can use words like these in doing their search:
Go to Part 3 Record data →
Find a way of recording your information that will allow you to see any patterns in the data.
Data Chart for comparing vertebrates with invertebrates
(Download and change to suit your information)
Go to Part 4 Organize, analyze, and interpret data →
Organize, analyze, and interpret data
1. Look over the information you have gathered and the patterns you have found.
What do living things have in common that are not found in non-living things?
2. Search for other patterns.
3. Make notes about what you find.Go to Part 5 Present and share →