Information for Teachers
This investigation is linked to the following Grade 4 Next Generation Science Standards.
LS1.A: Structure and Function
Plants and animals have both internal and external structures that serve various functions in growth, survival, behavior, and reproduction. (4-LS1-1)
LS1.D: Information Processing
Different sense receptors are specialized for particular kinds of information, which may be then processed by the animal’s brain. Animals are able to use their perceptions and memories to guide their actions. (4-LS1-2)
ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
Local, regional, and global patterns of rock formations reveal changes over time due to earth forces, such as earthquakes. The presence and location of certain fossil types indicate the order in which rock layers were formed. (4-ESS1-1)
Living things affect the physical characteristics of their regions. (4-ESS2-1)
How to search the internet
1 Keep your request short
Fewer words will give a more accurate search.
2 Choose exactly what you want
For example: Arctic Circle Climate
3 Use quotes
Double quotes around a set of words tell the search engine to consider those exact words in that exact order without any change. For example: “Arctic Circle Climate”
4 Use the plus sign (+)
If you add a plus sign (+) between words, the internet will search for all the words. For example: migrate+birds+whales+mammal
5 Use the minus sign (–) to say what you don’t want
Use a minus sign (–) to show words you do not want to appear in your results. For example: if you search for burrowing animals and do not want mammals in your search, –mammals will exclude mammals. Note that you need to put a space before the minus sign for the word to be excluded.
6 Be very clear about what you don’t want
Ask questions and define problems
After reading Exploring Caves, you may have many questions about how caves are formed and how people and animals use caves.
List your questions
- Compare your list with questions that others have.
- Choose a question you would like to investigate.
- You can work alone, with a partner, or in a small group.
You may choose to investigate a cave or cave system you have heard of
1. Where is this cave found?
2. When was it discovered?
3. How was it formed?
4. What is of special interest about this cave?
5. How have people or animals used the cave?Go to Part 2 Investigate →
You may want to use websites to help you’re your investigations.
Helpful search words include:
You can search “animals that live in caves” to find out more about how and why animals live in or visit caves.Go to Part 3 Record data →
Find a way of recording your information that will allow you to see any patterns in the data.
Data Chart for cavesDownload Chart
Go to Part 4 Organize, analyze, and interpret data →
Organize, analyze, and interpret data
1. Look over the information you have gathered and the patterns you have found.
What is of special interest about this cave?
How have people or animals used the cave?
2. Search for other patterns.
3. Makes notes about what you find.Go to Part 5 Present and share →